The Montréal Process

The Montréal Process Working Group was formed in 1994 as a bold, intergovernmental response to the pressing need for sustainable forest management. One of its first tasks was to develop and implement internationally agreed-upon criteria and indicators for the conservation and sustainable management of temperate and boreal forests.

Christina Hendricks on the opening scene of the Montreal Process video.
Christina Hendricks Promotes Sustainable Forestry and the Montreal Process. See the videos…

Member Countries

The Montréal Process countries are Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Russian Federation, United States of America, and Uruguay. The Montréal Process member countries countries account for:

  • 90% of the temperate and boreal forests,
  • 58% of planted forests,
  • 49% of the world’s forests,
  • 49% of the world’s roundwood production, and
  • 31% of the world’s population.

Through the Montréal Process, member countries continue to make a voluntary commitment to work alongside each other to further the sustainable management of their forests and to create a pathway for collaboration and capacity building.


The Montréal Process Yanji Declaration (PDF, 636 KB), as presented at the 12th Session of the United Nations Forum on Forests, May 1-5, 2017, New York

International expert workshop on strengthening collaboration on criteria and indicators (C&I) to promote and demonstrate sustainable forest management. Ottawa, Canada, 1-3 May 2016

Publication cover.New Zealand's Third Country Report on the Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators (PDF, 7.2 MB)

Publication cover.Second Argentine Report for the Montreal Process English (PDF, 16.2 MB) Spanish (PDF, 13.1 MB)

Publication cover.The Montreal Process Fact Sheet: English (PDF, 1.1 MB), French (PDF, 1.3 MB) Japanese (PDF, 1.3 MB) Spanish (2.2 MB)

Publication cover.The Montréal Process, Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests, Fifth Edition, September 2015 English (PDF, 4.3 MB) Spanish (PDF, 1.0 MB)

Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators Poster (PDF, 157 KB)

Panda in a tree.
The Wildlife Professional magazine article: "Conserving Forest Biological Diversity - How the Montreal Process Helps Achieve Sustainability"